“to build a foreign house in those days would have been to court trouble; a two-story house would have meant a riot. So the compounds were Chinese to outward seeming, with massive gateways” (Christie) See pp. 63-4. For more information, see Moukden Hospital
Source: Duguld Christie, Thirty Years in the Manchu Capital. New York: McBride and Nast, 1914, facing 136.