Entrance and Staff of the Minzhengbu Yiyuan, Beijing, 1912

Plate 3:Although Mullowney does not identify the members of staff, the group aptly reflects the hospital’s policy and management. Standing at the back, a guard wearing a police uniform represents the department under whose auspices the hospital was run. The Chinese doctor, wearing Western coat, collar and tie, and holding a straw hat, was presumably one of those trained in Western medicine and those on either side of him, in Chinese dress, represent traditional Chinese medicine.

Source: John J Mullowney, “Modern Hospitals for Chinese by Chinese.” CMJ 26, no. 1 (1912): opp. 36